terça-feira, 31 de março de 2009
domingo, 29 de março de 2009
What if your attitudes toward time could explain why you are chronically late, why you're likely to fight for rainforest preservation, or why you might be predisposed to addictions?
Philip Zimbardo, renowned for his notorious 1971 Stanford Prison Experiments, will discuss how internal time perspectives determine every single one of our thoughts, feelings and actions.
He even makes the case that attitudes toward time can influence national destinies.
The Time Paradox
The Lucifer Effect
Discovering Psychology: Updated Edition
>>Forum Lectures Archive
sábado, 28 de março de 2009
Daly is also a co-founder of the journal Ecological Economics and serves on its editorial board.
sexta-feira, 27 de março de 2009
quinta-feira, 26 de março de 2009
Eugene Jarecki is an award-winning dramatic and documentary filmmaker whose previous film WHY WE FIGHT won the 2005 Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival. THE TRIALS OF HENRY KISSINGER, won the 2002 Amnesty International Award. In addition to his work in film, Jarecki is also the Founder and Executive Director of The Eisenhower Project, an academic public policy group, dedicated in the spirit of Dwight D. Eisenhower, to studying the forces that shape American foreign policy.
Tom Ferguson: Stimulus package is dangerously small; plan for toxic assets shovels money to bankers
Thomas Ferguson is a political scientist and author who studies and writes on politics and economics, often within an historical perspective. He is a Political Science professor at the University of Massachusetts Boston. He is also a a contributing editor of The Nation. He is also the author of several books, the recent of which is Golden Rule: The Investment Theory of Party Competition and the Logic of Money-Driven Political System
quarta-feira, 25 de março de 2009
One of the country’s leading experts in behavioral treatments and approaches for autism, Laura Schreibman is a respected researcher in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and a licensed psychologist. She is one of the developers of Pivotal Response Training, a naturalistic intervention that has been shown to be effective for increasing communication, play, imitation, joint attention and social skills in children with this debilitating disorder. A professor at the University of California, San Diego since 1984, Schreibman is also director of the UCSD Autism Research Program, which is funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and focused on the experimental analysis and treatment of autism. She is author of The Science and Fiction of Autism, a book published in November 2005 that provides information and arguments to deal with the onslaught of good, bad, deficient and irrelevant ideas about this mysterious disease.
An Interdisciplinary Conference at the
University of Vienna on Science and Art
Watch: video recordings
We are conscious and unconscious in sleep and wakefulness. Here we think and dream, create and interpret.Is the concept of consciousness a substrate to help us understand these processes in biology, psychology, medicine,philosophy and art?This conference shall address these issues by dissectingconsciousness with four questions about:the neurobiology of the phenomenon with regard to content and expression;its relationship with unconsciousness and self;its contribution to art and creativity, and finally its expression in health and disease.
Vienna Conference on Consciousness 2008
terça-feira, 24 de março de 2009
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner is preparing to unveil a plan today to purchase as much as $1 trillion in troubled mortgages and other assets from banks. The government is reaching out to hedge funds, private equity firms and sovereign wealth funds to help buy the toxic assets. The Obama administration has described the plan as a public-private partnership, but most of the actual money will be put up by the government.
We (Democracy Now!) speak with Paul Krugman, Nobel Prize-winning economist, professor of economics and international affairs at Princeton University, and a columnist at the New York Times. His latest book is The Return of Depression Economics and the Crisis of 2008.
segunda-feira, 23 de março de 2009
domingo, 22 de março de 2009
sábado, 21 de março de 2009
Daniel C. Dennett, philosophy professor and co-director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University, offers a unique perspective on the role of philosophy in the cognitive and behavioral sciences. Dennett is known for his research on the mind and consciousness, relating philosophy to the scientific study of the brain, evolution and artificial intelligence.
Lifeboat Foundation Bios: Professor Daniel C. Dennett
The brain acquires information from the environment through the senses. Unlike simpler animals that react immediately to such information, or not at all, our sophisticated brains allow us to ponder and cogitate. Higher brain function has imbued a capacity to interpret information in order to assess its significance in light of other knowledge, and to decide what to do about it. Thus, the process of decision-making offers a window on complex mental functions. Neuroscientists are beginning to understand the brain mechanisms that underlie the formation of a decision from the evidence received through the senses. I will describe recent discoveries that we have made using a combination of behavioral, electrophysiological and computational techniques. Interestingly, the neural computations that underlie decision-making were anticipated during WWII by Alan Turing and Abraham Wald. Turing applied this tool to break the German navy's Enigma cipher, while Wald invented the field of sequential analysis. Besides mathematical elegance and winning wars, our experiments suggest that this computational strategy may lie at the core of higher brain function. The principles of normal brain function revealed by the study of decision-making expose a path to new treatments for neurological disorders affecting our most cherished cognitive abilities.
NIPS Conferences: The Neurobiology of Decision Making
As we come to understand the role of genes in neuronal wiring, and neuronal wiring in the production of behavior, we are newly confronted with questions about choice and responsibility. Although questions concerning what free choice really amounts to have long been at the center of philosophical reflection, new discoveries, especially from neuropharmacology and neuropsychology, have lent them a special and very practical urgency. In the courts, in the education of children, and in general in daily life, we assume that some decisions are freely made and that agents should be held accountable for those decisions. On the other hand, we see the range of allowable excuses from responsibility broadening as we begin to understand the role of certain neuropathologies in aberrant behavior. These developments take place against the public policy debate concerning the right balance between considerations of public safety, justice, fairness, and individual freedom. From the perspective of neurophilosophy, I shall address some of the broad questions in this arena, including the theological and metaphysical contention that free choice is uncaused choice, and the proposal that pragmatic and scientific considerations can yield the best working basis for assignment of responsibility.
sexta-feira, 20 de março de 2009
Dan Ariely is the Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Behavioral Economics at MIT, where he holds a joint appointment between MIT's Media Laboratory and the Sloan School of Management. He is also a researcher at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and a visiting professor at Duke University. Ariely wrote this book while he was a fellow at the Institute for Advance Study at Princeton.
In a series of illuminating, often surprising experiments, MIT behavioral economist Dan Ariely refutes the common assumption that we behave in fundamentally rational ways. Blending everyday experience with groundbreaking research, Ariely explains how expectations, emotions, social norms, and other invisible, seemingly illogical forces skew our reasoning abilities. Not only do we make astonishingly simple mistakes every day, but we make the same types of mistakes, Ariely discovers. We consistently overpay, underestimate, and procrastinate. We fail to understand the profound effects of our emotions on what we want, and we overvalue what we already own. Yet these misguided behaviors are neither random nor senseless. They're systematic and predictable—making us predictably irrational.
ANP senior producer Harry Hanbury set out to visit every Congressional fundraising party on Capitol Hill in a single day. He met a cast of characters in the process, encountered more worthless spin than could fit into a one-hour press conference, and ended up wondering if fundraising -- not legislating -- was the true work of Washington.
Speakers: Daniel Kahneman & Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Moderator: John Brockman
View the complete 1-hour HD streaming video of the Edge event that took place at Hubert Burda Media's Digital Life Design Conference (DLD) in Munich on January 27th as the greatest living psychologist and the foremost scholar of extreme events discuss hindsight biases, the illusion of patterns, perception of risk, and denial.
Daniel Kahneman is Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology, Princeton University, and Professor of Public Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He is winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his pioneering work integrating insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty.
Nassim Nicholas Taleb, essayist and former mathematical trader, is Distinguished Professor of Risk Engineering at New York University’s Polytechnic Institute. He is the author of Fooled by Randomness and the international bestseller The Black Swan.
FORA.tv Reflect on Crisis
An EDGE @ DLD Event
Reflection on a Crisis DLD09
quinta-feira, 19 de março de 2009
Choed teacher Tsultrim Allione meets with New York University neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux to discuss the sources of fear and to explore how Buddhist practice seeks to master these deep-seated emotions. This event was presented as part of the Brainwave Festival held by the Rubin Museum of Art, dedicated to the art of the Himalayas.
LeDoux Lab Home Page
Center for the Neuroscience of Fear and Anxiety
quarta-feira, 18 de março de 2009
David T. Suzuki PhD, co-founder of the David Suzuki Foundation, is an award-winning scientist, environmentalist and broadcaster.
David has received consistently high acclaim for his 30 years of award-winning work in broadcasting, explaining the complexities of science in a compelling, easily understood way. He is well known to millions as the host of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's popular science television series, The Nature of Things.
His eight part series, A Planet for the Taking won an award from the United Nations. His eight-part PBS series The Secret of Life was praised internationally, as was his five-part series The Brain for the Discovery Channel. For CBC Radio he founded the long running radio series, Quirks and Quarks and has presented two influential documentary series on the environment, From Naked Ape to Superspecies and It's a Matter of Survival.
View the webcast video only without the index. Choose your connection speed below. Requires RealPlayer.
- Lecture One—Sensory Transduction: Getting the Message, by A. James Hudspeth, Ph.D., M.D. 56k modem or Cable/DSL/T1
- Lecture Two—The Science of Sight: Getting the Picture, by Jeremy Nathans, M.D., Ph.D. 56k modem or Cable/DSL/T1
- Lecture Three—The Science of Sound: How Hearing Happens, by A. James Hudspeth Ph.D., M.D. 56k modem or Cable/DSL/T1
- Lecture Four—Neural Processing: Making Sense of Sensory Information, by Jeremy Nathans M.D., Ph.D. 56k modem or Cable/DSL/T1
terça-feira, 17 de março de 2009
Real Player is required.
Nora D. Volkow, MD, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health, spoke to students and faculty at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy's 2006 Ellis Grollman Lecture in Pharmaceutical Sciences May 10 and presented new images of the drug-addicted brain.
Volkow discussed how addiction is a disorder that involves complex interactions among a wide array of biological and environmental variables, and how new research has demonstrated the neurochemical and functional changes that occur in the brains of addicts.
Studies have shown that drugs to boost dopamine levels make people euphoric, but in the long run, repeated drug use reduces the ability of the dopamine pleasure center to produce euphoric or good feelings. Dysfunction in inhibitory control systems, by decreasing the addict's ability to refrain from seeking and consuming drugs, ultimately results in the compulsive drug intake that characterizes the disease of drug addiction. The discovery of such disruptions in the fine balance that normally exists between brain circuits may help researchers to develop more successful treatments for addiction.
Following the lecture, Volkow talked to news reporters about the recent statements by talk-show host Rush Limbaugh, U.S. Rep. Patrick Kennedy, and local sportscaster Keith Mills that they have become addicted to prescription pain killers. She said those cases are far from typical, but the problem of addiction to prescribed pain killing drugs is growing nationally.
Volkow also spoke to many faculty members and students at the School of Pharmacy to learn about research at the School. She was especially interested in the development of new opiate pain killers that do not possess the potential for addiction. Jia Bei Wang, MD, PhD, is studying how receptors respond after chronic treatment with opioids such as morphine or oxycodone, in order to model the dependent state, and how Andrew Coop, PhD, is designing new analogs of morphine in which dependence does not develop. Both projects have the long-term goal of creating new therapeutic drugs for the treatment of pain, but without the addiction liability of current treatments.
Speaking to The Baltimore Examiner newspaper, Volkow said people with dominant, outgoing, successful personalities actually have brains wired in such a way that makes them less likely to enjoy drugs and become addicted to them. "Some genes may protect you. Some may make you vulnerable. But genes can only take a person so far. Environment - that is, the how much people are exposed to drugs - is equally important."
In comments to The Daily Record, she said it is up to doctors, pharmacists, family members - and even employers - to be aware of the signs of drug abuse, prescription or otherwise, and to be open-minded about the problem. Volkow estimates as many as 10 percent of employees are abusing substances. "That's pretty high," she added. People exposed to prescription drugs as adolescents are "much more likely later to have problems with these drugs," she said.
Destigmatizing addiction inside the workplace is key, Volkow told The Daily Record, and making treatment available and affordable as part of an insurance plan, for example, is key to success. "If you have education and provide an infrastructure that would allow the person to seek help, it is clear it is considered a disease and not stigmatized," she explained. Otherwise, "the employee will not want to come up and say, 'I'm a drug addict,'" she added.
"If you have chronic pain, it is horrible. It can devastate someone's life. Opiate painkillers are incredibly beneficial for people who suffer from severe pain," said Volkow.
segunda-feira, 16 de março de 2009
Evolutionary theory is profoundly relevant to understanding and improving the human condition but has virtually no impact on public policy. The Evolution Institute was created to solve this problem, providing a conduit from the world of evolutionary science to the world of public policy for a diversity of issues vital to our welfare.
Speaker: Prof. Gregory McCarthy
Department of Psychology,
Yale University, USA
To be successful social primates, humans must be able to recognize individual conspecifics and rapidly intuit their intentions, goals, and emotional states. Modern neuroscience methods have identified brain systems that appear to be specialized for different aspects of social behavior. Recent studies in humans will be described that used neuroimaging, electrophysiological recordings from subdural electrodes, and cortical stimulation to characterize brain systems engaged during an observer’s perception of faces, bodies, emotional expressions, and movements of others, and by the attribution of intention to another’s actions. These brain systems represent key components of the social brain.
Heller Lecture Series in Computational Neuroscience
sábado, 14 de março de 2009
Earlier this year, Paul Ehrlich, the Bing Professor of Population Studies, and Anne Ehrlich, a senior research scientist in biology, released their latest book, The Dominant Animal (Island Press). The book explains where human beings came from, where we are and where we are headed. It developed from lecture notes for a class Paul Ehrlich teaches at Stanford called Human Evolution and the Environment. Stanford Report talked with him earlier this week about the book.